Ankara - II. Turkish Grand National Assembly Museum of Republic
The building, designed by architect Vedat Tek (1873-1942) and built as the Republican’s People Party Headquarters in 1923, was later converted to function as the Assembly building. Two-storey building has also a basement floor. Centrally located two-storey high main assembly hall is surrounded by rooms on three sides. The main entrance hall which stretches all along the entry facade, has two grand stairs at opposite ends and its ceiling is decorated with Seljuk and Ottoman ornaments and patterns. The main assembly hall, with audience boxes arranged in sections within, is also decorated in a similar style. Its star patterned timber ceiling, arcs, cornices and many sections with mosaic decorations, except the crown door and a few other items which are included into the main hall afterwards, reflect the architectural characteristics of its time.
I. Turkish Grand National Assembly building, in spite of some alterations made later, was inadequate to satisfy the growing needs of the Assembly of the Turkish Republic. That is why the II. Turkish Grand National Assembly was built and opened on 18 October 1924.
II. Turkish Grand National Assembly is an important building in which Atatürk’s principals and reforms came to life, the most important decisions taken on the way to develop the new Republic by contemporary legislation, also where the international treaties and agreements made to increase Turkey's prestige and activities in the international arena and transition to multiple party system taken place between 1924 - 1960. II. Turkish Grand National Assembly played an important role in Turkish political history for a period of 36 years until 27 May 1960. After moving the Assembly to its new modern building in 1961, the building was allotted to the Central Treaty Organization (CENTO). The building functioned as the headquarters of CENTO between the years 1961 and 1979 and after the abolishing of CENTO in the same year, it was transferred to the Ministry of Culture. The decision was made to arrange the front section of the building as Museum of Republic and the rear section as the administration building for the General Directorate of Antiquities and Museums. The museum section, after refurbishment and restorations, opened to public exhibition on 30 October 1981 as “Museum of Republic”. It functioned with this arrangement until 1985. This same year it was closed to public and new restoration works started. The works continued until 1991 and in January 1992 the museum reopened to public. The events comprising the era of the first three presidents of the Republic are presented by their own words, speeches, photos and personal items and also the decisions taken and the laws passed by the Grand Assembly during the same period are on display in this museum.
Sections of the Museum
First Room on the Right Side of the Corridor
Second Room on the Right Side of the Corridor
Third Room on the Right Side of the Entrance
First Room on the Left Side of the Entrance
Second Room on the Left Side of the Entrance
Third Room on the Left Side of the Entrance
Main Assembly Hall
In order to achieve the present days modern museum exhibition, and for the better education of the visitors, live presentation techniques are used, the natural environment preserved and wax statues are made for this purpose. Atatürk’s Great Speech given on 15 - 20 October 1927, the most important document and the source of the history of the Turkish Republic, starting from the Independence War, is being presented in this hall. Important passages of the speech are also narrated by the actors of the State Theatre to support the live presentation.
The Great Speech is the most important source of our political and military history, and also the most mature and beautiful example of Turkish oratory art.
This Speech is a first hand account of Rebirth of the Nation, Independence War and the first years of the Republic (1919 - 1927) based on documents and sources in great detail.
Love of the Nation, respects to the humanity and understanding of morality are the basics of this speech. Atatürk says “The day I arrived in Samsun in May 1919, I had no power in my hands, only highest spiritual power filling my conscience stemmed from the nobility of the Turkish Nation. Trusting only to this power and to the Turkish Nation I started this noble mission.”
This building was converted to a museum after transferred to the Ministry of Culture which functioned as the Turkish Grand National Assembly until 1960. Today in this museum, besides the routine exhibitions, occasional exhibitions, video shows and serial conferences take place in order to introduce the Independence War, the Republic and Atatürk to the visitors, especially to the young generation.
Second Floor of the Museum
Address: Cumhuriyet Avenue, Ulus / Ankara
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