State Meteorological Service's Museum
During Ottoman Era, an observatory was set up in İstanbul in 1870. The first International Congress of Meteorologie was held in Vienna in September 1873. At this Congress which a representative of Ottoman Empire also participated, establishment of a network of observatories in İzmir, Beyrut, Sinop, Selanik, Avlonia, Bursa and Trabzon provinces of Ottoman Empire was decided upon today's Kandilli Observatory is left from then network. The Period between 1873-1925, howewer, turned out to be an uproductive era for Turkish Meteorological services.
Soon after the establishment of Turkish Republic, the Goverment laid the foundation of the lnstute of Meteorologie, which was called then "Rasadatı Cevriye Müessesesi". The lnstitution began working in a building in Etlik and headed by M. Rethly, a former chief of Division of The Budapest Observatory lnstitute, which had began operating in the middle of December 1925, worked mainly at Central Observatory in Ankara until 1928. Upon the resignation of M.Rethly on 30 th December 1927, Ahmet Tevfik, a professeur of Meteorologie at the school of Agriculture was brought to the directorate. In the meantime several other institutions also established and operated observatories and stations in their own righs. On 11 th February 1937, all these observatories and stations of measurment were brought together to work under the authority of the General Directorate of state Meteorological services "Which was instituted at with the enactment of the law numbered 3127."
Today, the General Directorate of State Meteorological Services serves the public in the historical building which functioned as the General Headquarters of the Turkish Army during the war of independence, with well over 1100 meteorological stations which are furnished with the most sophisticated equipments and devices.
The room Called "Atatürk Room", named after Atatürk who worked and mapped up the plans of war during the War of Independence, has been transformed to a museum, with its original stove, draperies and table.
There is also another museum in the same building in which a variety of meteorological equipment are exhibited. This museum is organised so as to display how meteorological instruments have changed with technological advancement. Some old meteorological records are also exibited.
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